Most sports goods aren't covered by any specific pieces of legislation. However, if you plan to stock bicycles, you should be aware of consumer protection legislation and of special safety legislation relating to new bicycles sold in the UK. This includes the Pedal Cycle Safety Regulations which set out safety standards for new bicycles. Cycle helmets must also meet safety standards.
If you sell any type of food product (for example energy bars and drinks) you will be affected by food safety legislation.
Be aware that it is an offence to sell knives or blades to young people under the age of 18, and that knife dealers in Scotland (with some exceptions) must be licensed. Knives such as hunting, fishing and diving knives are likely to be covered by the licensing requirement in Scotland, but small folding penknives and domestic knives are not.
What licences does a sports shop need?
There are no licensing requirements relating specifically to sports goods retailers.
You should, however, be aware of the following:
- if you sell any food goods (for example energy bars and protein drinks), the shop must be registered with the local authority environmental health department
- if you play background music in the shop, you'll usually need a Music Licence from PPL PRS Ltd. There is an annual fee for this which you can pay online on the PPL PRS website
- if you offer credit facilities to your retail customers then you'll need consumer credit authorisation from the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA)
- if you keep computerised records of individuals' personal information, you may have to register with the Information Commissioner's Office (ICO). You may also need to register if you use a CCTV system in your shop. From May 2018 the General Data Protection Regulation has introduced additional protection for personal data
- knife dealers in Scotland must obtain a licence from their local authority if they are not covered by an exemption. This could apply if you sell sports knives such as diving, hunting and fishing knives
- if you sell, advise on, arrange or assist in selling general insurance (for example insurance to cover theft or damage to a piece of sporting equipment) you'll either need to be regulated directly by the FCA or become an 'appointed representative' of an FCA authorised principal insurer (the most likely option)
There is a wide range of legislation that applies to retail outlets and that protects the interests of the consumer. For example, goods and services must not be misleadingly described and the retail price of goods must be clearly displayed. You will be responsible for making sure that all goods or services are fit for their intended purpose and of satisfactory quality. There are also special rules covering selling online and when you're away from your premises. Visit the Business Companion website for detailed guidance on all aspects of trading standards legislation.
Carrier bag charge
A 5 pence charge applies in England, but small and medium-sized businesses (with fewer than 250 full-time equivalent employees) are exempt. You can get detailed guidance from the gov.uk website.
Retailers in Wales and Scotland must charge customers at least 5 pence if they supply them with a single-use carrier bag. This applies to all types of single-use bag, whether they are made of plastic, paper or plant-based starch. There is detailed guidance on the Gov.Wales and Zero Waste Scotland websites.
In Northern Ireland retailers must charge customers a 5 pence levy on all bags with a retail price of less than 20 pence (including any bags that would otherwise be free of charge), whether they are single-use or reusable.
Health & Safety, fire
Anyone employing staff must comply with employment legislation. Important areas of legislation include recruitment, employment contracts, pay, working hours, holidays, employment policies, sickness, maternity, paternity, discrimination, discipline, grievances, dismissals, redundancies and employment tribunals.
Insurance for a sports shop
Contact an insurer or insurance broker and explain exactly how your business will operate - they will then explain what insurance cover you must have by law, and other cover you should consider. This might include:
- premises, premises contents and stock
- goods in trust - for items that you're repairing
- goods in transit
- business interruption
- employers liability
- public liability
- product liability
- asset cover for hire equipment
- motor insurance for business vehicles
It's worth noting that some trade associations and buying groups offer their members special insurance packages. One of these might save you money and provide exactly the level of cover you need.
When comparing insurance quotes, uncover the differences between policies by using an insurance comparison form.